Civil war medicine american medicine was still in a dark age nearly two thirds of deaths during the war resulted from our vision of the civil war soldier is. This nara site highlights two letters concerning the treatment of african-american pows during the civil war other resources andersonville national historic site. The civil war was fought in over 10,000 places and was the bloodiest war in the history of the united states two percent of the population at the time (approximately 620,000) died during the conflict ( 1 .
Benjamin franklin little's letter shows that the process of amputation during the civil war is significant not only for medical advancements per say, but also for the individual soldiers themselves. Civil war causalities were those soldiers who were killed, wounded, or missing during the civil war while we will never have an exact number of casualties, scholars estimate that 15 million. During the global flu epidemic at the end of the world war i as many as 100 million worldwide, including 600,000 in the united states (roughly five times the number of american casualties in world war i and approaching the total number of deaths in the civil war), perished over the course of just a few months. Medical treatment during the civil war focused on two major areas: disease and wound care as many as 700,000 members of the military lost their lives during the war, and approximately two-thirds of these deaths were due to disease.
Of the 79,462 cases of typhoid fever listed in the medical and surgical history of the civil war (mshcw), only 119 detailed reports appear there of these, 44 men received mercury as part of their treatment. The medical data for the union forces in the civil war are the most complete of any war involving america careful consideration of these records and the state of medicine here and in europe at the time reveals commendable efforts and results. Civil war diseases the civil war was fought, claimed the union army surgeon general, at the end of the medical middle ages little was known about what caused disease, how to. During the civil war, two innovations helped to ensure proper medical care for wounded soldiers the first was an efficient ambulance corps to quickly evacuate wounded soldiers based on prototypes created in 1859, massive numbers of ambulances were constructed. Sickness and disease were the scourge of both armies and more men died of disease than in battle sanitation in the camps was very poor germs and the existence of bacteria had not yet been discovered, and medical science was quite primitive by today's standards.
During the civil war, as in all wars, venereal disease was a major problem since it disabled the soldier and decreased his effectiveness to fight or be moved from battle to battle treatment and incidence is discussed among the white and colored troops. Empirical data were extracted from medical and surgical history of the war of rebellion, 1861-1865 (barnes, 1870), a detailed record of medical illnesses, combat injuries, and behavioral health problems compiled by the union army during the us civil war (1861-1865) and the year after the war ended (1865-1866. For medical practitioners in the field during the civil war, germ theory, antiseptic (clean) medical practices, advanced equipment, and organized hospitalization systems were virtually unknown. Medicine during the civil war was not very advanced and a lot of times there wasn't a right medicine for a specific disease, especially diphtheria annie, in this letter, states that her husband john and son johnnie are suffering with a disease called diphtheria. Learning objectives after completing this lesson about medical practices during the american civil war, students will be able to: describe the poor conditions of medical facilities during the war.
Medical care, battle wounds, and disease the civil war was fought, claimed the union army surgeon general, at the end of the medical middle ages little was known about what caused disease, how to stop it from spreading, or how to cure it. Up until the vietnam war, the number killed in the civil war surpassed all other wars combined 110,100 union soldiers died in battle: 67,088 kia, 43,012 mw 224,580 died of disease. According to the impact of disease on the civil war by intisar k hamidullah, 3/5 union troops died of diseases 63% of union fatalities were due to disease, 12% due to wounds, 19% of union deaths were due to death on the battle field. These diseases caused a great deal of the deaths before, during, and after the civil war additionally the lack of known treatments and lack of unawareness of prevention had detrimental effects on how these diseases spread throughout the world. The civil war was the first modern war and resulted in the highest number of us casualties per capita of any of our wars as 620000 men perished, including 360000 in the north and 260 000 in the south 25% of those involved died 1-4 in the union army 6000 were killed outright, 43 000 died of their wounds, and another 134 000 survived their wounds.
Total deaths from battle, disease, accidents and suicides would equal 617,528 by the end of the war more than 1/2 million were wounded and survived the war created an incredible demand for medical personnel, especially surgeons. During the civil war, toeing the mark meant to get the job done a goal of tps is to provide resources to educators that support the use of primary sources in the classroom this section will feature library of congress teacher's page resources that relate to the topic and are available now. The civil war and malaria a british officer in the indian medical service this article was published in these pages on july 20, 1861 died of this disease, contracted during their. From the medical and surgical history of the war of the rebellion,1870-1888 while the efforts of the army medical department during the civil war did little to bring immediate relief for the victims, many medical advances did result from the war experience.
Civil war eye injuries and prostheses journal of ophthalmic prosthetics arms, their heads, faces, necks, and eyes were fre-quently exposed during combat. Medical treatment during the american civil war was extremely poor it has been estimated that 64,582 died of their battle woundsthousands of men had to have limbs amputated.