Like nuclear weapons and biological weapons, chemical weapons are often classified as weapons of mass destructionunder the chemical weapons convention (cwc) of 1993, the use of chemical weapons in war is prohibited, as is all development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, and transfer of such weapons. This paper gives in chapter 2 an overview on the history of chemical warfare, addresses in chapter 3 the inventory of chemical weapons, discusses in chapter 4 the elimination of chemical weapons and possible problems resulting for the environment (cw), reviews in chapter 5 some non-lethal chemical weapons and chemical weapons which may be on. The use of chemical agents in world war i history has proven the use of chemical weapons ranging back for decades from the greeks in ancient europe using greek fire to south american tribes using a form of tear gas made of grounded up hot chili peppers to scare away enemy tribes.
From that period on, modern states felt compelled to mutually negotiate and agree on international regulations in order to try to master the threat of biological (as well as chemical) weapons. 1918 - the us begins its formal chemical weapons program with the establishment of the chemical warfare service 1919 - british use adamsite against the bolsheviks during the russian civil war 1922-1927 - the spanish use chemical weapons against the rif rebels in spanish morocco. Biological warfare is the intentional use of disease-causing microorganisms or other entities that can replicate themselves (eg, viruses, infectious nucleic acids and prions) against humans, animals or plants for hostile purposes. A chemical weapon utilizes a manufactured chemical to incapacitate, harm, or kill people strictly speaking, a chemical weapon relies on the physiological effects of a chemical, so agents used to produce smoke or flame, as herbicides, or for riot control, are not considered to be chemical weapons.
Modern chemical weapons were introduced during world war i in an effort to reduce the deadlock of trench warfare but they are subject to topography and weather patterns. The package presents an overview of the general threat of biological, chemical, nuclear and radiological weapons, along with much more specific and detailed information on the history. In response to the horror of chemical warfare during world war i, international diplomatic efforts were directed toward limiting the proliferation and use of weapons of mass destruction, ie, biological and chemical weapons (12, 13) on june 17, 1925, the protocol for the prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other. Although the chemical weapons convention and a number of international treaties have banned the development, production, and stockpiling of those cwas with only a warfare use, these agents reportedly still are being produced or stockpiled in several countries. Chemical weapons: a summary report of characteristics and effects congressional research service summary the potential for terrorist use of chemical agents is a noted concern highlighted by the tokyo.
Overview of biological warfare introduction biological warfare is the intentional use of disease causing organisms and/or toxins to injure, kill, and/or weaken enemy's resistance to attack and reduce the will to wage war. Chemical and biological weapons are compounds which make use of noxious, poisonous or illness causing compounds in order to disrupt or induce illness or death onto a target population and are not a phenomenon limited to modern warfare. - biological warfare: testing and researching toxins biological warfare is the use and employment of biological agents to harm or kill humans, animals, or plant life bio warfare can cause a significant amount of casualties with less preparation and work then other types of attacks.
Modern times: biological warfare reached sophistication during the 1900s during world war i, the german army developed anthrax , glanders, cholera, and a wheat fungus specifically for use as biological weapons. The protocol for the prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare, usually called the geneva protocol, is a treaty prohibiting the use of chemical and biological weapons in international armed conflicts. Use of biological weapons 437 chapter 20 use of biological weapons edward m eitzen, jr, md, mph, facep, faap introduction requirements for an ideal biological warfare agent. Nuclear, biological, and chemical, warfare is known by the acronym nbc and makes up the weapons classified as unconventional threats to soldiers and civilian populations military leaders around the world have stated publicly that chemical weapons pose one of the biggest threats to soldiers in modern combat. But this century biological and chemical warfare has reached new heights of ingenuity on april 22, 1915, the germans used poison gas for the first time at ypres in belgium by 1918, one in four shells on the western front was a gas shell, and its use resulting in more than one million casualties.
The toxic chemicals that have been used as chemical weapons, or have been developed for use as chemical weapons, can be categorised as choking, blister, blood, or nerve agents the most well known agents are as follows: choking agents—chlorine and phosgene, blister agents (or vesicants)—mustard and lewisite, blood agents—hydrogen cyanide. Based on the materials, equipment, and manual found at the site, isg judged the complex did not appear to be related to the regime's chemical, or biological weapons programs rather, it appears to be an extremist-run laboratory with equipment and reagents that at a minimum could be used to produce ricin. Biological warfare (bw)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war.
The development of newer, faster, stealthier & more lethal weapons & re-emergence of doctrines that would allow for their battlefield use are eroding the confidence we placed in the norm of non. Credit: everett historical/shutterstock global leaders continue to condemn the use of chemical weapons in 1993, the united nations banned mustard gas and other toxic agents through the chemical. Geneva gas protocol, in full protocol for the prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare, in international law, treaty signed in 1925 by most of the world's countries banning the use of chemical and biological weapons in warfare.